I started learning R Shiny this afternoon. It will take me a while to become fluent with it, but when I do, I’ll be able to construct a variety of web applications to illustrate principles of population genetics. I just finished the first one. It illustrates how the EM algorithm works, following the example in the notes accompanying the lecture for 24 January. You’ll find a link to the web application there, but if you’d like to save yourself a click, here’s the direct link: https://keholsinger.shinyapps.io/EM-algorithm-for-allele-frequencies/ . I expect to add other web applications over the next month or two. You’ll find the code for them in a new Github repository (https://kholsinger.github.io/PopGen-Shiny/). I hope you find the applications useful. If you have suggestions or requests, please drop me a line. I can’t promise that I’ll follow through, but I promise to consider any requests I receive.

### New notes published – inbreeding in populations and analysis of genetic structure

I’ve just posted the next sets of notes for the course, notes on inbreeding and self-fertilization and notes on analysis of genetic structure in populations. The notes on inbreeding illustrate the effects of inbreeding by focusing on the simplest and most extreme version of inbreeding, self-fertilization. They introduce several of the senses in which the term “inbreeding coefficient” is used and illustrate how they’re related to one another. The notes on genetic structure illustrate the Wahulund effect and provide an introduction to estimating Wright’s F-statistics.

### First set of new notes published – genetic transmission in populations, estimating allele frequencies, and the Hardy-Weinberg principle

I mentioned more than a month ago that I’m starting preparations for Population Genetics early this year. It’s taken me this long to post the first updates to notes for the 2019 edition of the course. You’ll find them on the lecture detail pages for 22 January and 24 January. The lecture detail page for 24 January also includes links to a couple of R scripts and accompanying JAGS files that illustrate Bayesian inference both in a simple case where it’s barely needed (estimating the allele frequency at one locus with two alleles) and in a case that’s more useful (estimating allele frequencies in the ABO blood group).

The notes are also available from individual links on the Notes page. As I mention there, the consolidated PDF containing all of the notes is from the 2017 edition of the course. I’ll update that PDF once I’ve updated all of the individual items.

You’ll also see on that page that I’ve linked to Graham Coop’s notes for his course at UC Davis. I encourage you to take a look at his notes, too. You are likely to find that he explains many things better than I do.

### Preparing for EEB 5348, Population Genetics, Spring 2019 @UConn

Yes, I know that it’s early September and that my first lecture in Population Genetics isn’t scheduled until 22 January 2019 (140 days from now), but I’m starting preparations early this year for several reasons.

- Because of my responsibilities as Vice Provost for Graduate Education and Dean of The Graduate School, I don’t have a lot of time during the week to spend on revising lectures or on finding datasets for projects and making sure the projects can be finished in a reasonable amount of time. By starting now, I hope to be far enough ahead of the game by the time Spring Semester arrives that I don’t have to kill myself keeping up.
- I’m significantly expanding my treatment of population genomics. In Spring 2017 I devoted only one lecture to it. It deserved more than one lecture then, and it certainly deserves more than one lecture now. If you look at the lecture schedule as it stands now, you’ll see three placeholder lectures: Population genomics I, II, and III. Not only will it take me a long time to decide what among the host of things I could spend my time on is most important for purposes of this course, it will also take me a long time to decide how to remove two lectures worth of material out of other lectures in the course.
- I hope to have
of my lecture notes revised before the semester begins. That way anyone who’s taking the course can choose either to download PDFs of individual lectures as we get to them or they can download a PDF with all of them (and some old lectures I no longer maintain) as a single PDF. If all goes well, that single PDF will be available on Figshare as version 3 of Lecture Notes in Population Genetics. Versions 1 and 2 (from 2012 and 2017 respectively) are already there.*all*

If you’re thinking of enrolling in Population Genetics in Spring 2019, please take a look at the lecture schedule and let me know if there are things you’d like to know more about that either aren’t on the schedule or don’t seem to be given as much time on the schedule as you’d like. And whether you’re thinking of enrolling or not, if you’re reading this and have thoughts about what “greatest hits of population genomics” I should squeeze into the three days I’ve allotted for it, please drop me a line. Better yet, leave a comment so that others can see your suggestion.

I’ll be making short posts as I get each chapter of notes revised. If you’d like to see when they’re posted you can either follow me on Twitter (@keholsinger) or you can follow the course hashtag (#EEB5348).

### Grades posted

I just posted grades in PeopleSoft. I presume you’ll get an automated notification from the system letting you know.

Thanks for a great semester. I really enjoyed working with you. I hope you found the course useful, if not enjoyable.

I expect to produce a single PDF containing all of the lecture notes for the semester soon. There’s a good chance that I’ll have a link to it from the Notes page by late next Sunday. In any case, I’ll post a note here to let you know when the consolidated notes are available, just in case you happen to be interested.

### Discussion guide for Thursday’s lecture

I just posted the discussion guide for Thursday’s lecture on the lecture detail page. You’ll also find a link to easyGWAS, an online tool that allows you to perform GWAS on some publicly available datasets and to upload and analyse your own data.

** Remember**: 5 points of your grade on Project #6 will be based on your participation in Thursday’s discussion. Please spend some time reading the papers and looking over the discussion guide before you get to class on Thursday.

### Notes on association mapping

I’ve posted the notes for association mapping. As usual, you’ll find them on the lecture detail page for Tuesday’s lecture. I will soon have a discussion guide for Thursday’s lecture posted. The papers that are the focus of the discussion are already linked from the lecture detail page for Thursday’s lecture. Nora will lead the discussion on Thursday since I will be in Washington, DC for the spring Board of Directors meeting of BioOne. (I have been Chair of the Board of Directors since 2000.)

** Important note**: I will mention this again in the discussion guide, on the lecture detail page for Thursday, and in lecture on Tuesday, and I think Nora has mentioned it already, but just to make sure everyone is forewarned,

**Please come prepared to discuss the questions that will appear on the discussion guide.**

*5 points of your grade on Project #6 will be based on participation in the discussion on Thursday.*### Evaluate me!

You should already have received an e-mail with a link to the Student Evaluation of Teaching survey. The e-mail would have come from the Office of Institutional Research and Effectiveness. Please take some time to answer the questions and return the survey. I won’t see your responses until well after grades have been posted, but I am very interested in hearing from you so that I can improve the course for future students.

Please keep in mind when you’re filling out the survey that you are evaluating ** me** and the course, not Nora. I will distribute a separate, paper survey to evaluate her teaching in class next Tuesday.

### Notes on evolution of multivariate phenotypes

I’ve added a link to notes on the evolution of multivariate phenotypes in the lecture detail page for Thursday’s lecture. We won’t cover Arnold’s extension of the approach in lecture, but you may want to take a look at it. You might find it useful in some of your own work.

### Quantitative genetics – resemblance among relatives, evolution

I’ve posted notes on using the phenotypic resemblance among relatives to estimate quantitative genetic parameters and on understanding the evolution of quantitative traits. I’m going to post a link to additional notes on multivariate selection gradients in a couple of hours. I want to spend a little time introducing the approach during Thursday’s lecture. That means that I’ll have to cut some of the mathematical details short during lecture and focus on the results and general principles. I know you’re all disappointed in that, but I’m sure you’ll be able to adjust.